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Changing a car tyre
Before we start, changing a car tyre can be VERY dangerous and it is highly recommended that you take your car to a garage with the correct specialist equipment. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death.
When your car is in the garage it is positioned on the same lift as used in the M.O.T test. The car is lifted up so that the wheels are at shoulder height, which makes it much easier removing the entire wheel.
Once the car is on the ramp and elevated to the correct height it is jacked up at both ends (alternating) depending which tyres are being changed.
The wheels are removed and deflated before removing the old tyres with specialist equipment. (see diagram). When the old tyre is removed the mechanic will then use another piece of equipment, which is nothing more than a battery operated drill with a tough wire bristle attachment. This drill will remove any build up of corrosion or dirt and oil that may prevent the tyre from staying inflated.
A new valve is also fitted to a wheel with a new tyre as this further assures that the tyre will last and stay inflated. The valve is cut off and a new one is pushed into place. Lubricant is then applied to the new tyre so it is easily applied to the wheel.
Once the tyre has been put onto the wheel, it is then put on to another machine for wheel balancing.
In November 2012 a new piece of legislation came into force that required the majority of new tyres to come with EU set Tyre Labels.
What is tyre labelling?
Every new tyre sold within Europe (with some exceptions: racing, professional off road, spare, vintage, re-tread, motorbike or studded tyres) must be labelled - much like a fridge, freezer or even light bulb. So, since November 2012 the following label has been seen when shopping for new tyres:
You will notice that it bears a remarkable resemblance to the labels used for electric goods in the EU. However, unlike the electrical labels, the tyre label doesn't focus on energy ratings. It shows you the grade given to 3 important categories that should be considered when choosing a tyre:
External rolling noise
Why is it being introduced?
The main goal of the new legislation is to provide more information to motorists on the performance of tyres. By doing this, the EU hope to increase road safety, make shopping for tyres more cost-effective and reduce the impact tyres have on the environment. Vehicle owners will now be able to make a more informed decision when shopping for new tyres - with tyres easily comparable for these specific capabilities.
See here>> for information about wheel alignment
See here>> for information about wheel balancing